Study Site #5 – Enduimet, Tanzania
Enduimet is currently creating a Wildlife Management Area (WMA) under the sponsorship of the Tanzanian government, which aspires to bring together diverse ‘villages’ (the Tanzania equivalent to a large, rural municipality, roughly equivalent in size to a Kenyan Group Ranch). The Kisongo Maasai of this region (and most of the Tanzanian sites) are closely related to the Loitokitok Maasai of the Amboseli region, with whom they share close social ties (I-CAN’s co-PI Professor John Galaty once attended an age-grade ceremony attended by both sections). The WMA model combines government authority over the wildlife management and tourist industries, but this is largely administered through offices with locally hired rangers and officials. With land held by the state but with villages holding use-rights and local jurisdiction, the question is how this multi-layered form of environmental governance will work.
A McGill PhD candidate, Victor Corey Wright, who is being supervised by J. Galaty, is currently writing his dissertation based research carried out at Enduimet, in close collaboration with our partner organizations, including the Tanzania Natural Resource Forum (TNRF) and the Ujamaa Community Resource Trust (UCRT). The NGO which he co-founded, Sauti Moja, has worked on community development in the region for many years.